The Commission shall annually review and update the list of prohibited non-environmentally acceptable products. Provided, That the waste diversion goals shall be increased every three 3 years thereafter; Provided, further, That nothing in this Section prohibits a local government unit from implementing re-use, recycling, and composting activities designed to exceed the goal. The term of office of the local officials also play a crucial role in the implementation of the provisions of the Act. Residents give water bottles, cleaning bottles, plastic soft drinks bottles and car batteries free of charge to the dealers and waste pickers. According to ADB , implementation of the law is behind schedule, source reduction and segregation of waste are happening on an individual barangay level, and in other municipalities none at all, and there is little active participation from the general public.

Provided, That the composting of agricultural wastes and other compostable materials, including but not limited to garden wastes, shall be encouraged. Vehicles shall be designed to consider road size, condition and capacity to ensure the sage and efficient collection and transport of solid wastes. Views Read Edit View history. This is due to weak and incorrect interpretation of decentralization in the local government, which is regulated by Act Nos. Negative externality could be depletable or non-depletable.

Tax waivers and subsidies for the establishment of recycling industries will be good incentives that can attract the private sector and NGOs to invest in SWM.

Solid-waste management practices of households in Manila, Philippines.

Skip to main content. Around 50 administrative staff and waste collectors field workers are engaged daily to collect, transport, weigh and dispose the waste. The National Ecology Center. Enforcing the Solid Waste Law. The authors also identified four reasons for the adoption of MBIs in the developing countries.


The municipal administration dictates the collection frequency, and payments by households and commercial institutions. Local officials do not put SWM implementation among their top priorities.

Targeting engineering students, the course aims to improve the knowledge about production of goods, its impacts on the environment and minimizing of the negative impacts. Specific criteria for the availment of the Fund shall be prepared by the Commission. Interviews were also conducted with garbage collectors as well as scavengers. Therefore, this study recommends that formulation of solid waste management strategy should not merely be based on administrative boundaries but regional as well.

The mixture is moved through the inner chamber of the drum taking weeks for the fermentation.

Solid-waste management practices of households in Manila, Philippines.

Such allocation shall be based on a sharing scheme between the Fund and the LGU concerned. Business and Industry Role. This Section shall not apply to private dwelling places unless the visitorial power is otherwise judicially authorized. For most local chief executives, SWM is about collection of garbage.

ra 9003 thesis

Likewise, it is hoped that this paper can provide some insights towards improvement of solid waste management in Southeast Asia. Although incentives are provided, penal provision outweighs it. The plan shall specify the strategies for the efficient disposal of waste through existing disposal facilities and the tjesis of prospective sites for future use.

Whereas hazardous waste, medical waste both infectious and non-infectiousand radioactive waste will not be a part of the waste types handled by GBWMC initially. Inventory of Markets of Composts. Also, very few LGUs collect fees for garbage disposal from households, resulting in limited revenue of the LGUs for solid waste management. Help Center Find new research papers in: A violation of this Section shall be sufficient grounds for the revocation, suspension, denial or non-renewal of any license for the establishment in which the violation occurs.


ra 9003 thesis

The data were gathered through an interview with household members using open-ended questions. These in turn, have hindered the full implementation of a comprehensive solid waste management. Small-Scale Community Level Composting: However, the regional cooperation governance structure needed for effective inter-municipal action is still missing.

This incident has increased awareness about solid waste problems and thus the need for better and improved SWM system in Greater Bandung has been identified. This provision shall also apply and benefit public officers who are sued for acts committed in their official capacity, there being no grave abuse of authority, and done in the course of enforcing this Act.

Provided, That segregation of wastes shall primarily be conducted at the source, to include household, institutional, industrial, commercial and agricultural sources: To improve solid waste management in Vientiane, a combination of market-based and suasive instruments is recommended.

Solid Waste Management in Metro Manila.

Fhesis hundred waste pickers are working in the city, while the other work at the landfill sites 18 km away from the city. It was created with the best motives in solving the solid waste crisis of the Philippines.

Periodic study visits can also be designed so that the municipality or the government personnel involved in SWM can learn from improved practices of SWM in neighboring cites outside Lao PDR.